篇名

臺灣防制新興毒品面臨的困境及可行之回應對策【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

A Stady on the Predicaments Faced by Taiwan and Feasible Countermeasures of New Psychoactive Substances

作者
中文摘要

行政院「修正新世代反毒策略行動綱領( 第二期2021∼2024年)」之緣起,主要是依據蔡英文總統「2020台灣要贏」之反毒政見綱領—「減少毒品供給、減少需求及減少危害」之三減策略,從「減少毒品供給」、「減少毒品需求」及「減少毒品危害」等方向,確定為新世代反毒策略第二期預防機制。本文之初步發現如下:毒品危害防制條例缺乏反毒之主管機關,這是一個非常嚴重之問題,目前雖由臺灣高等檢察署負責統籌緝毒六大系統:檢察、調查、警政、海巡、憲兵、關務等,加強區域協調指揮辦案,然相關執法機關基於自我利益、門戶之見、績效、獎金之分配等因素,以至於緝毒情資、查緝技能、裝備,無法完全共享資源,而有喪失破案先機之嫌。販毒集團交易手法日益進步,我國緝毒機關執法人員需具備更深厚經驗及先進科技、偵查之權限,俾利支持辦案。為尋線追緝販毒網絡管道,卻礙於法律程序規定的限制,或恐陷入自身安危等困境,無法有效率阻絕毒品之氾濫。為打擊毒品溯源之管道,並消弭施毒人數,期許我國科技偵查法草案,在人權考量及法理通情並兼之下,盡速送入立法院,並三讀審查通過,使所有犯罪集團組織之製毒、運毒、販毒等不法行為,均無所遁形。逐步達到「修正新世代反毒策略行動綱領(第二期2021∼2024年)」所揭示、預定之「抑制毒品再犯」、「降低毒品新生」之雙重目標。

英文摘要

The Executive Yuan’s “New Generation Anti-drug Strategy” (Phase two—2021-2024) has been determined as the first phase of the new-generation anti-drug strategy composed by “reducing drug supply,” “reducing drug demand” and “reducing drug harm,” and it is the secondary prevention mechanism for the new-generation anti-drug strategy. The Narcotics Hazard Prevention Act lacks the definition of the anti-drug competent authority. Although the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office is currently responsible for the coordinating and directing the six major anti-drug enforcement systems: Regional Prosecutors Offices, Investigation Bureau (Ministry of Justice), National Police Admonistration, Coast Guard Administration (Ocean Affairs Council), Republic of China Military Police, Customs Administration (Ministry of Finance) in order to strengthen the regional cooperation for the above different enforcement systems, the anti-drug intelligence information, investigation skills, and equipment resources still cannot fully share for each other and often lose the opportunities to clear up the anti-drug cases. The trading methods for the NPS by the organized crime groups are improving day by day, so the law enforcement officers of Taiwan anti-drug agencies need to have more profound anti-drug experiences and advanced scientific and technological identification authorities and experts to support clearing up the anti-drug cases. The Predicaments faced by Taiwan on cracking down the network channels of the NPS trafficking includes following dimensions: it cannot effectively prevent the proliferation of NPS due to the legal restrictions imposed on the criminal investigation procedures initiated by the Regional Prosecutors Offices, Investigation Bureau (Ministry of Justice), National Police Admonistration, Coast Guard Administration (Ocean Affairs Council), Republic of China Military Police, Customs Administration (Ministry of Finance), or the fear generated from the law enforcement officers for their own safety. In order to crack down on the channels of NPS and to effectively eliminate the number of NPS using, it is hoped and expected that the Proposed Draft on the “Science and Technology Investigation Act” will be submitted to the Parliament again and to passed it as soon as possible in order to crack down and to eliminate the NPS production, trafficking, and sales, and let Taiwan to be more and more rich and safe on the world.

起訖頁

007-029

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062022040066001  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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